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Everything you need to know about flooring

The flooring you select for your home can make all the difference to the look and feel of different rooms. Whether you’re hoping to create a rustic, cosy feel, or you love the ultra-modern look, there are some fabulous flooring options out there. In this guide, we’ll take a closer look at the different types of flooring on offer, weighing up the pros and cons for different building projects to help you make the perfect choice for your home.

Jane Flowers
July 30, 2020

The choices

There is a vast array of flooring options for those looking to renovate existing homes or put their stamp on a new residential building. Here are some of the most popular types of flooring

Timber flooring

Timber flooring has been used to add warmth and character to residential spaces for decades. With timber flooring, you have a vast array of options in terms of shades and finishes, and you can tailor the aesthetic to suit traditional and contemporary properties. Timber flooring is durable and hard-wearing, it looks spectacular and it is also hypoallergenic.

There are two types of timber flooring: engineered and solid timber. Solid timber is more susceptible to contraction and expansion, and it’s also more expensive than engineered timber. Engineered timber reduces the risk of movement, as it is cross-laminated. Both types are easy to clean, making them an ideal option for kitchens, living spaces and corridors and hallways.

When looking at timber flooring, it’s wise to take note of the hardness rating on the Janka Hardness Rating Scale. The harder the wood, the higher the figure. A high number indicates versatility, longevity and quality. The grade of the wood relates to the aesthetic, the grain and the presence of knots. Grade A has no distinctive markings. The grade you choose will depend on your own personal style and the look you’re keen to create in your home. Some people adore the character and charm of marked wood, while others prefer a clean, modern-looking finish.

Carpet (synthetic or wool-synthetic carpet)

Carpets add warmth to living spaces, and they can also create a luxurious, opulent feel. As technology has advanced, carpets have become increasingly popular, and they are now more versatile than ever before. Modern carpets are hard-wearing and stain-resistant, and this makes them an excellent option for families and pet owners.

When shopping for carpets, you may come across a host of different materials and various pile options. Wool carpets are more expensive than wool-synthetic carpets, which are usually made from nylon, but they represent a fantastic long-term investment due to their durability and the comfort they provide. The pile of a carpet is important when considering which type of carpet to put where. For high-traffic areas, for example, hallways, it’s best to opt for a sturdy cut-twist pile, which will stand the test of time. High-pile, plush carpets add instant cosiness with a glamorous edge, and they are ideal for formal living spaces and sumptuous master suites. Textured and loop-pile carpets are hard-wearing with a modern aesthetic, making them a perfect, family-friendly choice for living rooms, playrooms and children’s bedrooms.


Concrete flooring is practical, functional and durable and it can also create stunning modern living spaces. You can choose from three different finishes: matte, semi-gloss and gloss. Concrete is an ideal option for those looking to inject serious style into their home, while also investing in flooring that will last for years and reduce maintenance. Daily sweeping is all you need to keep your floor looking pristine.

One of the best things about concrete flooring is its versatility. This type of flooring is suited to almost any room in the house, and you can customise the finish and add soft furnishings to create a unique design. If you live in cooler climes, it’s beneficial to add rugs or to investigate under-floor heating, as your toes may get cold in the winter.


Vinyl flooring has become incredibly popular, and it’s not hard to see why. This flooring type offers the best of both worlds, providing homeowners who are on a budget with the opportunity to recreate beautiful timber designs at a fraction of the cost.  Vinyl flooring is made using PVC and comes in woodlook planks of varying sizes. The beauty of vinyl is its longevity. Vinyl flooring offers excellent value for money, and it’s a brilliant option for families and couples and singles who have pets. Vinyl planks are fitted and glued to the floor surface. If damage does occur they are easily removed and replaced. Vinyl planks are not affected by water as much as, laminate flooring is, so they are a good choice for kitchens and WIPs.  At BT Homes approximately 90% of our clients are choosing vinyl plank flooring.  It’s the flooring choice of the future.


Tiles come in a raft of different styles and designs, and they can be made from stone and ceramics, including porcelain. Tiles are incredibly versatile and you can use them to design a whole range of different looks. Stone tiles have an earthy, organic quality, while porcelain adds instant luxury and exclusivity. Timber-look tiles are warm and homely.

Stone tiles are famed for their aesthetic qualities, but they do require more care and maintenance than ceramics. Ceramic tiles tend to be cheaper, and they are also easier to fit due to their pressed edges. Porcelain has a beautiful, iridescent finish and it’s also more robust and moisture-resistant than stone. Porcelain tiles are a popular option for chic, decadent, modern bathrooms.


There are several factors to bear in mind when choosing flooring for a residential building. Consider the function of the room, your personal taste and style and the feel you hope to create, as well as your budget. There are pros and cons with all flooring types, so it’s worth spending a little time looking at different options, comparing prices and figuring out which material will work best for your home.


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